Should I Change My Mattress If I Have Scabies?

If you find yourself asking the question, “Should I change my mattress if I have scabies?”, you are not alone. Scabies can be a frustrating and uncomfortable condition to deal with, and many people wonder if their mattress could be contributing to the problem. In this article, we will explore whether or not changing your mattress is necessary when you have scabies, and provide some helpful tips on how to effectively manage and prevent the spread of this contagious skin condition.

Understanding Scabies

What is scabies?

Scabies is a contagious skin infestation caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. These mites burrow into the upper layer of the skin, causing intense itching and a rash. Scabies is highly contagious and can spread easily from person to person, especially in close quarters.

How is scabies transmitted?

Scabies is primarily transmitted through direct skin-to-skin contact with an infested person. It is most commonly spread through prolonged physical contact, such as holding hands or sexual activity. However, scabies can also be transmitted by sharing personal items like clothing, bedding, or towels with an infected individual.

What are the symptoms of scabies?

The symptoms of scabies usually appear a few weeks after initial infestation. The most common symptom is intense itching, particularly at night. This itching is caused by an allergic reaction to the mites and their waste. Other symptoms include a rash with small red bumps or blisters, thin red lines on the skin (caused by burrowing mites), and sores or open wounds from scratching.

See also  Do I Need To See A Doctor For Scabies?

Managing Scabies

Consulting a healthcare professional

If you suspect that you have scabies, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. A healthcare professional will be able to examine your symptoms, confirm the presence of scabies, and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

Applying scabicidal treatment

The mainstay of scabies treatment is the application of scabicidal medications, typically in the form of creams or lotions. These medications contain chemicals that kill the scabies mites and their eggs. It is essential to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare professional or the product label carefully when applying the treatment.

Cleaning and disinfecting personal items

To prevent reinfection or spread of scabies to others, it is crucial to clean and disinfect personal items that may have come into contact with the mites. This includes washing clothing, bedding, towels, and any other fabrics or items that may be infested. Washing them in hot water with detergent and drying them on high heat can help kill the mites.

Scabies and Mattresses

Can scabies live on mattresses?

Scabies mites can survive for a short period away from the human body, including on mattresses. While they cannot live for an extended period on inanimate surfaces, they can survive long enough to potentially cause reinfection if proper precautions are not taken.

How long can scabies survive on a mattress?

Scabies mites can survive on a mattress for up to 72 hours, although they have a much shorter lifespan off the human body. While the risk of transmission decreases over time, it is important to take steps to eliminate any remaining mites to prevent reinfection.

Can scabies be transmitted through mattresses?

While it is possible for scabies to be transmitted through mattresses, the risk is generally low. Transmission is more likely to occur through direct physical contact with an infested individual. However, if a person with scabies has recently used an infested mattress, there is a small chance of transmission. Taking proper precautions, such as cleaning and treating the mattress, can further reduce this risk.

Importance of Mattress Hygiene

Maintaining a clean mattress

Maintaining a clean mattress is essential for overall sleep hygiene and can help prevent various issues, including scabies infestations. Regularly vacuuming your mattress and using a waterproof mattress cover can help keep it clean and free from dust mites, allergens, and potential pathogens.

See also  What Is The Demographic Of Scabies?

Preventing reinfestation

Proper hygiene practices and thorough cleaning can help prevent reinfestation of scabies. While scabies mites are unlikely to survive for an extended period on a mattress, it is crucial to take precautions to minimize the risk. Regularly washing bedding, using a mattress protector, and treating the mattress can significantly reduce the chance of reinfestation.

Reducing the spread of scabies

Maintaining mattress hygiene can also help reduce the spread of scabies to others. By eliminating any remaining mites from the mattress, you lower the risk of transmission to household members and other individuals who may come into contact with the infested mattress.

Should I Change My Mattress?

Assessing the severity of infestation

In most cases, changing your mattress is not necessary when dealing with scabies. The infestation is primarily focused on the human body, and scabies mites cannot survive for an extended period on mattresses. However, if your mattress is heavily infested, damaged, or old, it may be worth considering replacing it to ensure a hygienic sleeping environment.

Considering other factors

When deciding whether to change your mattress, it is important to consider other factors such as cost, accessibility, and individual preference. Purchasing a new mattress can be a significant investment, and it is essential to weigh the benefits against the potential risk and inconvenience of scabies.

Consulting a healthcare professional for guidance

If you are unsure whether changing your mattress is necessary, it is best to consult a healthcare professional for guidance. They can assess the severity of your infestation, provide personalized advice based on your specific situation, and help you make an informed decision.

Removing Scabies from Mattresses

Cleaning techniques

To remove scabies mites from your mattress, start by vacuuming it thoroughly using a vacuum cleaner with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter. Pay close attention to seams, crevices, and tufts where the mites may hide. After vacuuming, use a damp cloth or sponge with a mild detergent to clean any visible stains or spots.

Using scabies-killing products

There are various scabies-killing products available on the market that can be used to treat mattresses. These products typically contain chemicals designed to eliminate scabies mites and their eggs. Follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer carefully when using these products.

Heat treatment for mattresses

Heat treatment is an effective method for killing scabies mites on mattresses. You can place your mattress in direct sunlight for a few hours, as scabies mites are sensitive to heat. Alternatively, you can use a steam cleaner on a high setting to treat your mattress. Ensure that the mattress is not saturated with moisture during this process.

See also  How Can You Tell If A Bump Is Scabies?

Preventing Scabies Infestations in the Future

Regular cleaning routines

Maintaining a regular cleaning routine for your home, including frequent bedding changes and vacuuming, can help prevent scabies infestations. Regularly washing bedding in hot water and drying on high heat can kill any mites that may be present.

Personal hygiene practices

Practicing good personal hygiene is crucial for preventing scabies infestations. Shower or bathe regularly, and avoid sharing personal items such as clothing, towels, and bedding with individuals who may have scabies. Encourage household members to follow the same hygiene practices to reduce the risk of transmission.

Avoiding close contact with infested individuals

Avoiding close contact with individuals who have scabies is an important measure to prevent infestation. Be cautious when interacting with someone who is known to have scabies, especially during the period of treatment. Limiting physical contact reduces the risk of transmission.

Other Factors to Consider

Age and condition of the mattress

The age and condition of your mattress should be taken into consideration when assessing the need for replacement. If your mattress is old, worn, or in poor condition, it may be beneficial to replace it regardless of the scabies infestation.

Affordability and accessibility of a new mattress

While a new mattress can provide peace of mind, it is important to consider the affordability and accessibility of a replacement. Purchasing a new mattress can be a significant expense, and it is essential to make a decision that aligns with your budget and availability.

Potential for reinfestation from other sources

Even if you change your mattress, it is important to address potential sources of reinfestation. Scabies can be transmitted through close contact with an infested person or by sharing personal items. Ensuring proper treatment and hygiene practices are followed will minimize the risk of reinfestation.

FAQs about Scabies and Mattresses

Can scabies live on my pillow?

Scabies mites are unlikely to survive on pillows for an extended period. However, it is still a good practice to wash or replace pillows that may have come into contact with an infested individual.

Do I need to treat my entire home for scabies?

Treating your entire home for scabies is generally unnecessary. The infestation is primarily focused on the body, and scabies mites cannot survive for an extended period on inanimate objects. However, it is important to clean and disinfect personal items and surfaces that may have come into direct contact with the mites.

What other items should be cleaned or replaced?

In addition to bedding and clothing, other items that should be cleaned or replaced include towels, stuffed animals, and any fabrics that may have been in contact with an infested person. It is also advisable to clean frequently touched surfaces such as doorknobs, light switches, and furniture.


Seeking professional advice is essential when dealing with a scabies infestation. A healthcare professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend the appropriate treatment options. Maintaining a clean and hygienic sleeping environment, including regular mattress cleaning and treating, is crucial for preventing the spread and reinfestation of scabies. By taking necessary precautions such as practicing good personal hygiene, following cleaning routines, and avoiding close contact with infested individuals, you can significantly reduce the risk of scabies infestations.